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علوم گیاهی - The human evolution chart
The human evolution chart, shown below, provides basic information about each of the various known hominids. All the major players of human evolution are listed, together with the approximate dates when they existed and the locations where their fossils have been found. Together, their remains represent the physical evidence for evolution of humans, human ancestors, and their relations (click here to read a history of how the idea originally arose that humans evolved from apes). When available, small pictures of the various hominid skulls are shown (to see a larger view of a skull, click on it). The chart is broken into two separate sub-charts, one for the more ancient hominids, the other for the more recent ones. Click on the gray tabs (just below at left) to change between the two charts.
SCIENTIFIC NAMEAGE (mya)LOCALITYCRANIUM
Sahelanthropus tchadensis~7.0Chad
Orrorin tugenensis ~6.0Western KenyaNo skull known
Ardipithecus kadabba ~5.8 - 5.2Afar Depression, EthiopiaNo skull known
Ardipithecus ramidus ~4.4Afar Depression, Ethiopia
Australopithecus anamensis~4.2 - 3.9KenyaNo image available
Australopithecus afarensis~4.0 - 2.7Afar Depression, Ethiopia
Australopithecus bahrelghazali ~3.6ChadNo skull known
Kenyanthropus platyops ~3.5 - 3.2Northwestern Kenya
Australopithecus africanus~3.0 - 2.0South Africa
Paranthropus aethiopicus ~2.7 - 2.4Omo River, s. Ethiopia
Kenya, w. of Lake Turkana
Paranthropus boisei ~2.6 - 1.1Tanzania
Australopithecus garhi ~2.5Afar Depression, EthiopiaNo intact skull known
Homo habilis ~2.5 - 1.44Africa
Paranthropus robustus ~2.3 - 1.2South Africa