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علوم گیاهی - Dicotyledonous Plant دولپه ایها

Dicotyledonous Plant دولپه ایها

سه شنبه 30 خرداد 1391 10:14 ق.ظ

نویسنده : عسکر اله قلی
Selected Dicotyledonous Plant Orders & Their Families

Caryophyllales
Aizoaceae, Amaranthaceae, Basellaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Didiereaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Portulacaceae

Magnoliales
Annonaceae, Calycanthaceae, Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, Myristicaceae

Piperales
Piperaceae, Saururaceae

Aristolochiales
Aristolochiaceae

Nymphaeales
Nymphaeaceae

Ranunculales
Berberidaceae, Ranunculaceae

Papaverales
Papaveraceae

Hamamelidales
Hamamelidaceae, Platanaceae

Urticales
Cannabaceae, Moraceae, Ulmaceae, Urticaceae

Juglandales
Juglandaceae

Myricales
Myricaceae

Fagales
Betulaceae, Fagaceae

Polygonales
Polygonaceae

Plumbaginales
Plumbaginaceae

Dilleniales
Paeoniaceae

Theales
Actinidiaceae, Hypericaceae, Theaceae

Malvales
Bombacaceae, Malvaceae, Tiliaceae, Sterculiaceae

Violales
Begoniaceae, Bixaceae, Caricaceae, Cistaceae, Cochlospermaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Flacourtiaceae, Fouquieriaceae, Loasaceae, Passifloraceae, Tamaricaceae, Turneraceae, Violaceae

Salicales
Salicaceae

Capparales
Capparaceae, Brassicaceae

Ericales
Ericaceae

Ebenales
Ebenaceae, Sapotaceae, Styracaceae

Primulales
Primulaceae

Rosales
Crassulaceae, Fabaceae, Hydrangeaceae, Pittosporaceae, Rosaceae, Saxifragaceae

Haloragales
Haloragaceae

Myrtales
Combretaceae, Lythraceae, Melastomataceae, Myrtaceae, Onagraceae, Punicaceae

Proteales
Eleagnaceae, Proteaceae

Cornales
Cornaceae, Garryaceae

Celastrales
Aquifoliaceae, Celastraceae

Euphorbiales
Buxaceae, Euphorbiaceae

Rhamnales
Rhamnaceae, Vitaceae

Sapindales
Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae, Hippocastanaceae, Meliaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Simaroubaceae

Geraniales
Geraniaceae, Oxalidaceae

Polygalales
Malpighiaceae, Polygalaceae

Apiales
Apiaceae, Araliaceae

Gentianales
Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Gentianaceae, Loganiaceae

Polemoniales
Convolvulaceae, Cuscutaceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Polemoniaceae, Solanaceae

Lamiales
Boraginaceae, Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae

Plantaginales
Plantaginaceae

Scrophulariales
Acanthaceae, Bignoniaceae, Gesneriaceae, Martyniaceae, 0leaceae, Pedaliaceae, Scrophulariaceae

Campanulales
Campanulaceae, Goodeniaceae

Rubiales
Rubiaceae

Dipsacales
Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacaceae

Asterales
Asteraceae


Part 2
Selected Dicotyledonous Plant Families & Their Genera

Acanthaceae - Acanthus Family
Anisacanthus (Hummingbird Bush), Barleria (Phillipine Violet), Crossandra, Dicliptera, Dyschoriste (Snake Herb), Fittonia (Nerve Plant), Hypoestes (Polka Dot Plant), Justicia (Mexican Honeysuckle, Shrimp Plant), Megaskepasma (Brazilian Red-Cloak), Odontonema (Firespike), Pachystachys (Yellow Shrimp Plant), Peristrophe (Tilo-Pilo), Pseuderanthemum (Chocolate Plant), Ruellia (Mexican Petunia), Siphonoglossa (Tube-Tongue), Thunbergia (Sky Vine)

Aceraceae - Maple Family
Acer (Maple)

Actinidiaceae - Actinidia Family
Actinidia (Kiwi Fruit)

Aizoaceae - Mesembryanthemum Family
Aptenia (Baby Sun-Rose), Carpobrotus (Hottentot Fig), Delosperma (Hardy Ice-Plant), Faucaria (Tiger Jaws), Lithops (Living Stones), Pleiospilos (Split Rock)

Amaranthaceae - Amaranth Family
Alternanthera (Joseph's Coat), Amaranthus (Amaranth), Celosia (Cock's Comb), Froelichia (Cottonweed), Gomphrena (Batchelor Button)

Anacardiaceae - Cashew Family
Anacardium (Cashew), Cotinus (Smoke Tree), Mangifera (Mango), Pistacia (Pistache), Rhus (Poison Ivy, Sumac), Schinus (Pepper Tree, Pirul)

Annonaceae - Annona Family
Annona (Cherimoya, Custard Apple, Guanabana), Asimina (Pawpaw)

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) - Celery Family
Aegopodium (Goutweed), Ammi (Bishop's Weed), Anethum (Dill), Apium (Celery), Carum (Caraway), Coriandrum (Cilantro, Coriander), Cuminum (Cumin), Daucus (Carrot), Eryngium (Eryngo), Foeniculum (Fennel), Hydrocotyle (Water Pennywort), Levisticum (Lovage), Pastinaca (Parsnip), Petroselinum (Parsley)

Apocynaceae - Dogbane Family
Adenium (Desert Rose), Allamanda, Amsonia (Bluestar), Carissa (Natal Plum), Catharanthus (Madagascar Periwinkle, Vinca), Mandevilla (Chilean Jasmine), Nerium (Oleander), Pachypodium (Madagascar Palm), Plumeria, Tabernaemontana (Indian Carnation), Thevetia (Yellow Oleander), Vinca

Aquifoliaceae - Holly Family
Ilex (Holly)

Araliaceae - Aralia Family
Aralia, Brassaia (Schefflera), X Fatshedera (Botanical Wonder), Fatsia, Hedera (Algerian Ivy, English Ivy), Panax (Ginseng), Schefflera (Umbrella Tree)

Aristolochiaceae - Birthwort Family
Aristolochia (Dutchman's-Pipe Vine), Asarum (Wild Ginger)

Asclepiadaceae - Milkweed Family
Asclepias (Milkweed), Calotropis (Bowstring Hemp), Caralluma, Ceropegia (Parachute Plant), Cryptostegia (Rubber Vine), Cynanchum, Echidnopsis, Edithcolea, Gonolobus, Hoodia, Hoya, Huernia, Sarcostemma, Stapelia (Carrion Flower), Stephanotis (Madagascar Jasmine)

Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster Family
Achillea (Yarrow), Ageratum, Aphanostephus (Lazy Daisy), Arctotis, Artemisia (Wormwood), Aster, Baccharis, Baileya (Desert Marigold), Bellis (English Daisy), Berlandiera (Green-Eyes), Calendula, Calyptocarpus (Horse Herb), Centaurea (Basket Flower), Chrysanthemum (Ox-Eye Daisy), Cichorium (Chicory), Cirsium (Thistle), Coreopsis (Tickseed), Cosmos, Cynara (Artichoke), Dahlia, Dendranthema (Mum), Dimorphotheca (African Daisy), Dyssodia (Dahlberg Daisy), Echinacea (Cone-Flower), Encelia (Brittlebush), Engelmannia (Engelmann Daisy), Erigeron (Fleabane), Eupatorium (Boneset), Euryops (Shrub Daisy), Gaillardia (Indian Blanket), Gazania, Gerbera (Gerber Daisy), Gynura (Velvet Plant), Helichrysum (Strawflower), Helianthus (Sunflower), Lactuca (Lettuce), Leontopodium (Edelweiss), Liatris (Gayfeather), Machaeranthera (Tahoka Daisy), Matricaria (False Chamomile), Melampodium (Blackfoot Daisy), Palafoxia, Parthenium (Guayule), Pseudogynoxis (Flame vine), Ratibida (Mexican Hat), Rudbeckia (Black-Eyed Susan), Santolina, Senecio (Groundsel), Silphium (Compass Plant), Solidago (Goldenrod), Stevia, Tagetes (Marigold), Tanacetum (Tansy), Taraxacum (Dandelion), Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower), Verbesina (Crown-Beard), Vernonia (Ironweed), Viguiera (Golden-Eye), Wedelia, Zinnia

Basellaceae - Basella Family
Anredera (Madiera Vine), Basella (Malabar Spinach)

Begoniaceae - Begonia Family
Begonia

Berberidaceae - Barberry Family
Berberis (Agarita, Barberry), Epimedium, Mahonia (Grape Holly), Nandina, Podophyllum (Mayapple)

Betulaceae - Birch Family
Alnus (Alder), Betula (Birch), Carpinus (Hornbeam), Corylus (Filbert), Ostrya (Hop Hornbeam)

Bignoniaceae - Bignonia Family
Bignonia (Cross Vine), Campsis (Trumpetvine), Catalpa, Chilopsis (Desert Willow), Clytostoma (Lavender Trumpetvine), Incarvillea, Jacaranda, Pandorea (Bower Plant), Paulownia (Princess Tree), Pithecoctenium (Monkeycomb), Podranea (Pink Trumpetvine), Radermachera (China Doll), Tecoma (Esperanza), Tecomaria (Cape Honeysuckle)

Bixaceae - Bixa Family
Bixa (Achiote, Annatto)

Bombacaceae - Bombax Family
Adansonia (Baobab), Bombax (Red Silk-Cotton Tree), Ceiba (Kapok), Chorisia (Floss-Silk Tree), Durio (Durian), Pachira (Water Chestnut), Pseudobombax (Shaving-Brush Tree)

Boraginaceae - Borage Family
Borago (Borage), Cordia (Wild Olive), Ehretia (Anaqua), Heliotropium (Heliotrope), Lithospermum (Puccoon), Pulmonaria (Lungwort)

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) - Mustard Family
Alyssum (Madwort), Armoracia (Horseradish), Aurinia (Alyssum), Brassica (Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Mustard), Cardamine (Bitter Cress), Eruca (Rocket Salad, Arugula), Iberis (Candytuft), Lepidium (Peppergrass, Garden Cress), Lunaria (Money Plant), Matthiola (Stocks), Nasturtium (Watercress), Raphanus (Radish), Rorippa (Yellow Cress), Wasabia (Japanese Horseradish, Wasabi)

Burseraceae - Torchwood Family
Boswellia (Frankincense), Bursera (Gumbo-Limbo), Commiphora (Myrrh)

Buxaceae - Boxwood Family
Buxus (Boxwood), Pachysandra (Spurge), Simmondsia (Jojoba)

Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Acanthocereus, Aporocactus (Rattail Cactus), Ariocarpus (Living-Rock Cactus), Astrophytum (Bishop's-Cap Cactus), Aztekium, Backebergia (Teddy Bear Cactus), Borzicactus (Old Man-of-the-Mountain), Carnegiea (Saguaro), Cephalocereus (Old Man Cactus), Cereus, Cleistocactus (Scarlet Bugler), Copiapoa, Coryphantha, Digitostigma, Echinocactus (Horse Crippler, Barrel Cactus), Echinocereus (Pitaya), Echinofossulocactus (Brain Cactus), Echinopsis (Sea-Urchin Cactus), Epiphyllum (Orchid Cactus), Epithelantha (Button Cactus), Espostoa (Peruvian Old Man Cactus), Ferocactus (Barrel Cactus), Geohintonia, Gymnocalycium (Chin Cactus), Haageocereus, Harrisia (Moon Cactus), Hylocereus (Queen-of-the-Night), Leuchtenbergia (Agave Cactus), Lobivia (Cob Cactus), Lophocereus (Senita), Lophophora (Peyote), Mammillaria (Nipple Cactus), Melocactus (Turk's-Cap Cactus), Myrtillocactus (Garambullo), Neobuxbaumia, Nopalea (Cochineal Plant), Notocactus (Ball Cactus), Nyctocereus (Night-Blooming Cereus), Obregonia, Opuntia (Cholla, Prickly Pear), Pachycereus (Giant Mexican Cereus), Pediocactus (Snowball Cactus), Peniocereus (Night-Blooming Cereus), Pereskia (Leaf Cactus), Pereskiopsis, Pilocereus, Quiabentia, Rebutia (Crown Cactus), Rhipsalidopsis (Easter Cactus), Rhipsalis (Mistletoe Cactus), Schlumbergera (Christmas Cactus), Selenicereus (Moon Cactus), Stenocereus (Organ-Pipe Cactus), Stetsonia (Toothpick Cactus), Thelocactus, Trichocereus, Turbinicarpus

Calycanthaceae - Calycanthus Family
Calycanthus (Sweet-Shrub)

Campanulaceae - Bellflower Family
Campanula (Bellflower, Harebell, Rampion)

Cannabaceae - Cannabis Family
Cannabis (Hemp), Humulus (Hops)

Capparaceae - Caper Family
Capparis (Caper), Cleome (Spider Flower), Polanisia

Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle Family
Abelia, Lonicera (Honeysuckle), Sambucus (Elderberry), Symphoricarpos (Coralberry), Viburnum

Caricaceae - Papaya Family
Carica (Papaya)

Caryophyllaceae - Carnation Family
Arenaria (Sand Wort), Dianthus (Pinks), Gypsophila (Baby's Breath), Lychnis (Rose Campion), Saponaria (Bouncing Bet), Silene (Catchfly)

Celastraceae - Bittersweet Family
Celastrus (Bittersweet), Euonymus, Maytenus (Mayten)

Chenopodiaceae - Spinach Family
Atriplex (Saltbush), Beta (Beet), Chenopodium (Epazote, Pigweed), Kochia (Burning Bush), Spinacia (Spinach)

Cistaceae - Rock Rose Family
Cistus (Rock Rose)

Cochlospermaceae - Cochlospermum Family
Amoreuxia (Yellow Show), Cochlospermum (Silk-Cotton Tree)

Combretaceae - Combretum Family
Bucida (Black Olive), Conocarpus (Buttonwood), Quisqualis (Rangoon Creeper), Terminalia (Myrobalan)

Convolvulaceae - Morning-Glory Family
Convolvulus (Bindweed), Cuscuta (Dodder), Dichondra, Evolvulus, Ipomoea (Morning-Glory, Sweet Potato)

Cornaceae - Dogwood Family
Aucuba, Cornus (Dogwood)

Crassulaceae - Crassula Family
Aeonium, Crassula (Jade Plant), Echeveria, Graptopetalum (Ghost Plant), Kalanchoe, Sedum, Sempervivum (Hens-and-Chicks)

Cucurbitaceae - Gourd Family
Citrullus (Watermelon), Cucumis (Cucumber, Kiwano), Cucurbita (Pumpkin, Squash), Ibervillea (Wild Balsam), Lagenaria (Gourd), Luffa (Dishcloth Gourd), Momordica (Bitter Gourd), Sechium (Chayote), Seyrigia, Xerosicyos

Didiereaceae - Didieria Family
Alluaudia, Alluaudiopsis, Decaryia, Didieria

Dipsacaceae - Teasel Family
Dipsacus (Teasel), Knautia, Scabiosa (Pincushion Flower, Scabious)

Ebenaceae - Ebony Family
Diospyros (Persimmon)

Eleagnaceae - Russian Olive Family
Eleagnus (Russian Olive, Silverberry)

Ericaceae - Heath Family
Arbutus (Madrone), Calluna (Heather), Erica (Heath), Rhododendron (Azalea), Vaccinium (Blueberry)

Euphorbiaceae - Spurge Family
Acalypha (Chenille Plant, Copper Plant), Breynia (Snowbush), Cnidoscolus (Chaya), Codiaeum (Croton), Croton (Dove Weed), Euphorbia (Poinsettia, Spruge), Hevea (Rubber), Jatropha (Leather-Stem), Manihot (Manioc), Monadenium, Pedilanthus (Redbird Plant), Ricinus (Castor Bean), Sapium (Chinese Tallow)

Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Legume Family
Acacia, Amorpha (Lead Plant), Albizia (Mimosa), Arachis (Peanut), Baptisia (False Indigo), Bauhinia (Orchid Tree), Caesalpinia (Pride-of-Barbados), Calliandra (Fairy Duster), Cassia (Senna), Ceratonia (Carob), Cercis (Redbud), Cicer (Garbanzo), Clianthus (Desert Pea), Clitoria (Butterfly Pea), Dalea, Delonix (Royal Poinciana), Dolichos (Hyacinth Bean), Erythrina (Coral Bean), Eysenhardtia (Kidneywood), Gleditsia (Honeylocust), Glycine (Soybean), Gymnocladus (Kentucky Coffee Tree), Indigofera (Indigo), Lathyrus (Sweet Pea), Lens (Lentil), Leucaena (Lead Tree), Lupinus (Bluebonnet, Lupine), Medicago (Alfalfa), Mimosa (Cat's-Claw), Myrospermum (Sweetwood), Oxytropis (Locoweed), Pachyrhizus (Jicama), Parkinsonia (Retama), Phaseolus (Bean), Pisum (Pea), Pithecellobium (Texas Ebony), Prosopis (Mesquite), Psophocarpus (Winged Bean), Psoralea (Indian Turnip), Pueraria (Kudzu), Robinia (Locust), Schrankia (Sensitive Briar), Sesbania (Rattlebox), Sophora (Texas Mountain Laurel), Spartium (Broom), Tamarindus (Tamarind), Trifolium (Clover), Vicia (Vetch), Vigna (Snail Vine), Wisteria

Fagaceaae - Beech Family
Castanea (Chestnut), Fagus (Beech), Lithocarpus (Tanbark Oak), Quercus (Oak)

Flacourtiaceae - Flacourtia Family
Hydnocarpus (Chaulmdogra-Oil Tree), Xylosma

Fouquieriaceae - Ocotillo Family
Fouquieria (Boojum Tree, Ocotillo)

Garryaceae - Garrya Family
Garrya (Silk-Tassel)

Gentianaceae - Gentian Family
Centaurium (Mountain Pink), Eustoma (Prairie Bluebell), Exacum (Persian Violet)

Geraniaceae - Geranium Family
Erodium (Storksbill), Geranium (Cranesbill), Pelargonium (Geranium), Sarcocaulon

Gesneriaceae - Gesneriad Family
Achimenes, Aeschynanthus (Lipstick Plant), Columnea, Episcia (Flame Violet), Gloxinia, Nautilocalyx, Nematanthus, Saintpaulia (African Violet), Sinningia (Gloxinia), Streptocarpus (Cape Primrose)

Goodeniaceae - Goodenia Family
Scaevola

Haloragaceae - Water Milfoil Family
Myriophyllum (Parrot's Feather), Proserpinaca

Hamamelidaceae - Witch Hazel Family
Hamamelis (Witch Hazel), Liquidambar (Sweetgum), Loropetalum

Hippocastanaceae - Horse Chestnut Family
Aesculus (Buckeye)

Hydrangeaceae - Hydrangea Family
Decumaria (Climbing Hydrangea), Deinanthe, Deutzia, Fendlera, Hydrangea, Jamesia, Kirengeshoma, Philadelphus (Mockorange), Platycrater

Hydrophyllaceae - Waterleaf Family
Phacelia

Hypericaceae - Hypericum Family
Hypericum (St. John's Wort)

Juglandaceae - Walnut Family
Carya (Hickory, Pecan), Juglans (Walnut)

Lamiaceae (Labiatae) - Mint Family
Agastache (Anise Hyssop), Ajuga, Coleus (Cuban Oregano), Hedeoma (Mock Pennyroyal), Hyptis, Hyssopus (Hyssop), Lamium (Dead Nettle), Lavandula (Lavender), Leonotis (Lion's-Ear), Marrubium (Horehound), Mentha (Mint), Monarda (Beebalm), Nepeta (Catmint), Ocimum (Basil), Origanum (Oregano), Orthosiphon (Cat's Whiskers), Perilla, Perovskia (Russian Sage), Phlomis (Jerusalem Sage), Physostegia (Obedient Plant), Plectranthus (Swedish Ivy), Poliomintha (Mexican Oregano), Rosmarinus (Rosemary), Salvia (Sage), Satureja (Savory), Scutellaria (Skullcap), Solenostemon (Coleus), Stachys (Lamb's Ears), Teucrium (Germander), Thymus (Thyme)

Lauraceae - Laurel Family
Cinnamomum (Camphor, Cinnamon), Laurus (Laurel), Lindera (Spicebush), Litsea (Pond-Spice), Persea (Avocado), Sassafras

Loasaceae - Loasa Family
Eucnide (Yellow Rock-Nettle)

Lobeliaceae - Lobelia Family
Lobelia

Loganiaceae - Logania Family
Buddleia (Butterfly Bush), Gelsemium (Carolina Jessamine), Spigelia (Indian Pink)

Lythraceae - Loosestrife Family
Cuphea (Mexican Heather), Heimia, Lagerstroemia (Crepe Myrtle), Lawsonia (Henna, Resedad), Lythrum (Loosestrife)

Magnoliaceae - Magnolia Family
Liriodendron (Tulip Poplar), Magnolia, Michelia (Banana Shrub)

Malpighiaceae - Malpighia Family
Galphimia (Thryallis), Malpighia (Barbados Cherry), Mascagnia (Butterfly Vine)

Malvaceae - Mallow Family
Abelmoschus (Okra), Abutilon (Flowering Maple), Alcea (Hollyhock), Callirhoe (Winecup), Gossypium (Cotton), Hibiscus, Kosteletzkya (Salt-Marsh Mallow), Lavatera (Tree Mallow), Malva (Hollyhock), Malvaviscus (Turk's-Cap), Pavonia (Rock Mallow), Sida (Dollar Weed), Sphaeralcea (Globe Mallow), Wissadula

Martyniaceae - Martynia Family
Ibicella, Martynia, Proboscidea (Unicorn Plant)

Melastomataceae - Melastoma Family
Centradenia, Medinilla (Malaysian Orchid Tree), Tibouchina (Princess Flower)

Meliaceae - Mahogany Family
Azadirachta (Neem Tree), Melia (Chinaberry), Swietenia (Mahogany)

Molluginaceae - Mollugo Family
Mollugo (Velcro Weed)

Moraceae - Mulberry Family
Broussonetia (Paper Mulberry), Cecropia (Ant Plant), Dorstenia, Ficus (Fig), Maclura (Bois D'Arc), Morus (Mulberry)

Myricaceae - Bayberry Family
Myrica (Bayberry, Wax Myrtle)

Myristicaceae - Nutmeg Family
Myristica (Mace, Nutmeg)

Myrsinaceae - Myrsine Family
Ardisia

Myrtaceae - Myrtle Family
Callistemon (Bottlebrush), Eucalyptus, Eugenia (Surinam Cherry), Feijoa (Pineapple Guava), Myrtus (Myrtle), Pimenta (Allspice), Psidium (Guava), Syzygium (Clove, Brush Cherry)

Nyctagoinaceae - Four O'Clock Family
Abronia (Sand Verbena), Bougainvillea, Mirabilis (Four O'Clock), Nyctaginia (Devil's Bouquet)

Nymphaeaceae - Waterlily Family
Cabomba (Fan Wort), Nelumbo (Lotus), Nuphar (Yellow Waterlily), Nymphaea (Waterlily), V ictoria (Giant Waterlily)

Oleaceae - Olive Family
Chionanthus (Fringe Tree), Forestiera (Elbow Bush), Forsythia, Fraxinus (Ash), Jasminum (Jasmine), Ligustrum, Menodora, Olea (Olive), Osmanthus (Sweet Olive), Syringa ( Lilac)

Onagraceae - Evening Primrose Family
Clarkia (Farewell-to-Spring), Fuchsia, Gaura, Oenothera (Evening Primrose)

Oxalidaceae - Oxalis Family
Averrhoa (Carambola, Star Fruit), Oxalis

Paeoniaceae - Peony Family
Paeonia (Peony)

Papaveraceae - Poppy Family
Argemone (Prickly Poppy), Bocconia, Eschscholzia (California Poppy), Hunnemannia (Mexican Tulip-Poppy), Papaver (Poppy)

Passifloraceae - Passion Flower Family
Adenia, Passiflora (Passion Flower)

Pedaliaceae - Pedalium Family
Sesamum (Sesame)

Phytolaccaceae - Pokeweed Family
Phytolacca (Pokeweed), Rivina (Rouge Plant)

Piperaceae - Pepper Family
Peperomia, Piper (Hoja Santa, Pepper)

Pittosporaceae - Pittosporum Family
Pittosporum

Plantaginaceae - Plantain Family
Plantago (Plantain, Psyllium)

Platanaceae - Sycamore Family
Platanus (Sycamore)

Plumbaginaceae - Plumbago Family
Ceratostigma (Chinese Plumbago), Plumbago

Polemoniaceae - Phlox Family
Gilia (Bird's-Eyes), Ipomopsis (Standing Cypress), Phlox

Polygalaceae - Milk Wort Family
Polygala (Milk Wort), Securidaca (Flor de Mole)

Polygonaceae - Buckwheat Family
Antigonon (Coral Vine, Queen's Wreath), Coccoloba (Sea Grape), Eriogonum (Buckwheat), Homalocladium (Centipede Plant), Muehlenbeckia (Wire Plant), Polygonum (Knotweed), Rheum (Rhubarb), Rumex (Dock, Sorrel)

Portulacaceae - Purslane Family
Anacampseros, Lewisia, Portulaca (Purslane), Portulacaria (Elephant Bush), Talinum (Jewels-of-Opar)

Primulaceae - Primrose Family
Cyclamen, Dodecatheon (Shooting Star), Lysimachia (Moneywort), Primula (Primrose)

Proteaceae - Protea Family
Banksia, Grevillea (Silk Oak), Macadamia, Protea

Punicaceae - Pomegranate Family
Punica (Pomegranate)

Ranunculaceae - Buttercup Family
Aconitum (Aconite), Anemone, Aquilegia (Columbine), Caltha (Marsh Marigold), Cimicifuga (Bugbane, Cohosh), Clematis, Consolida (Annual Larkspur), Delphinium, Nigella (Love-in-a-Mist), Ranunculus (Buttercup)

Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn Family
Berchemia (Supplejack), Ceanothus (California Lilac, New Jersey Tea), Colubrina (Snakewood), Rhamnus (Buckthorn), Zizyphus (Jujube)

Rosaceae - Rose Family
Amelanchier (Serviceberry), Cercocarpus (Mountain Mahogany), Chaenomeles (Flowering Quince), Cotoneaster, Cowania (Cliff Rose), Crataegus (Hawthorn), Cydonia (Quince), Duchesnea (Mock Strawberry), Eriobotrya (Loquat), Fallugia (Apache Plume), Fragaria (Strawberry), Kerria, Malus (Apple), Mespilus (Medlar), Photinia, Potentilla (Cinquefoil), Poterium (Burnet), Prunus (Almond, Cherry, Peach, Plum), Pyracantha, Pyrus (Pear), Raphiolepis (India Hawthorn), Rosa (Rose), Rubus (Bramble), Spiraea

Rubiaceae - Madder Family
Adina (Chinese Buttonbush), Asperula (Woodruff), Bouvardia, Cephalanthus (Buttonbush), Cinchona (Quinine), Coffea (Coffee), Gardenia, Hamelia (Firebush), Ixora, Pentas, Serissa

Rutaceae - Rue Family
Amyris, Casimiroa (White Zapote), Choisya (Mexican Orange), X Citrofortunella (Calamondin, Yuzuquat), Citrus (Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Orange, Tangerine), Dictamnus (Gas Plant), Eremocitrus, Esenbeckia, Evodia, Fortunella (Kumquat), Poncirus (Trifoliate Orange), Ptelea (Hop Tree), Ruta (Rue), Severinia (Box Orange), Zanthoxylum (Toothache Tree)

Salicaceae - Willow Family
Populus (Cottonwood, Poplar), Salix (Willow)

Sapindaceae - Soapberry Family
Cardiospermum (Balloon Vine), Dodonaea, Koelreuteria (Golden-Rain Tree), Litchi (Lychee), Sapindus (Soapberry), Ungnadia (Mexican Buckeye), Xanthoceras

Sapotaceae - Sapodilla Family
Bumelia, Manilkara (Chicle)

Saururaceae - Lizard's Tail Family
Houttuynia (Chameleon Plant)

Saxifragaceae - Saxifrage Family
Bergenia, Heuchera (Coralbells), Itea (Sweet-Spire), Ribes (Currant)

Scrophulariaceae - Fig Wort Family
Agalinis (Gerardia), Angelonia, Antirrhinum (Snapdragon), Asarina, Bacopa (Water Hyssop), Calceolaria (Pocketbook Flower), Castilleja (Indian Paintbrush), Digitalis, Leucophyllum (Cenizo, Texas Sage), Penstemon, Russelia (Firecracker Bush), Torenia (Wishbone Plant), Verbascum (Mullein), Veronica

Simaroubaceae - Quassia Family
Ailanthus (Tree-of-Heaven)

Solanaceae - Nightshade Family
Atropa (Belladonna), Browallia (Bush Violet), Brugmansia (Angel's Trumpet), Brunfelsia (Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow), Capsicum (Pepper), Cestrum (Night-Blooming Jessamine), Cyphomandra (Tamarillo, Tree Tomato), Datura (Jimson Weed), Lycium (Wolfberry), Lycopersicon (Tomato), Mandragora (Mandrake), Nicotiana (Tobacco), Nierembergia (Cupflower), Petunia, Physalis (Tomatillo), Solandra (Cup-of-Gold), Solanum (Eggplant, Naranjilla, Potato, Potato Vine), Withania (Ashwagandha)

Sterculeaceae - Sterculia Family
Brachychiton (Bottle Tree), Cola (Cola Nut), Firmiana (Parasol Tree, Varnish Tree), Theobroma (Chocolate)

Styracaceae - Snowbell Family
Halesia (Silverbell), Styrax (Snowbell)

Tamaricaceae - Salt Cedar Family
Tamarix (Salt-Cedar)

Theaceae - Tea Family
Camellia (Camellia, Tea), Cleyera

Tiliaceae - Linden Family
Corchorus (Jute), Tilia (Basswood, Linden)

Turneraceae - Turnera Family
Turnera

Ulmaceae - Elm Family
Celtis (Hackberry), Ulmus (Elm)

Urticaceae - Nettle Family
Boehmeria (Ramie), Pilea (Artillery Plant, Creeping Charlie), Urtica (Nettle)

Verbenaceae - Verbena Family
Aloysia (Beebrush), Callicarpa (Beautyberry), Caryopteris (Bluemist), Citharexylum (Fiddlewood), Clerodendrum (Glory-Bower, Mexican Hydrangea), Duranta, Lantana, Lippia (Red Brush), Phyla (Frogfruit), Stachytarpheta (Porterweed), Tectona (Teak), Verbena, Vitex (Chaste Tree)

Violaceae - Violet Family
Viola (Pansy, Violet)

Vitaceae - Grape Family
Ampelopsis (Pepper Vine), Cissus (Grape Ivy), Cyphostemma, Parthenocissus (Virginia Creeper), Vitis (Grape)

Zygophyllaceae - Caltrop Family
Guaiacum (Lignum Vitae), Larrea (Creosote Bush)




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آخرین ویرایش: سه شنبه 30 خرداد 1391 10:16 ق.ظ