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علوم گیاهی - Monocotyledonous Plant تک لپه ایها

Monocotyledonous Plant تک لپه ایها

سه شنبه 30 خرداد 1391 10:17 ق.ظ

نویسنده : عسکر اله قلی
Selected Monocotyledonous Plant Orders & Their Families

Alismatales
Alismataceae, Butomaceae, Limnocharitaceae

Hydrocharitales
Hydrocharitaceae

Najadales
Aponogetonaceae, Najadaceae, Potamogetonaceae

Commelinales
Commelinaceae

Eriocaulales
Eriocaulaceae

Restionales
Restionaceae

Juncales
Juncaceae

Cyperales
Cyperaceae, Poaceae

Typhales
Sparganiaceae, Typhaceae

Bromeliales
Bromeliaceae

Zingiberales
Cannaceae, Costaceae, Heliconiaceae, Lowiaceae, Marantaceae, Musaceae, Strelitziaceae, Zingiberaceae

Arecales
Arecaceae

Cyclanthales
Cyclanthaceae

Pandanales
Pandanaceae

Arales
Araceae, Lemnaceae

Liliales
Agavaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Haemodoraceae, Hypoxidaceae, Iridaceae, Liliaceae (includes former Amaryllidaceae), Pontederiaceae, Smilacaceae, Taccaceae, Xanthorrhoeaceae

Orchidales
Orchidaceae


Part 2
Selected Monocotyledonous Plant Families & Their Genera

Agavaceae - Century Plant Family
Agave (Century Plant), Beaucarnea (Ponytail Palm), Beschorneria, Calibanus, Cordyline (Cabbage Tree), Dasylirion (Sotol), Doryanthes (Spear Lily), Dracaena (Dragon Tree), Furcraea, Hesperaloe (Red Yucca), Manfreda, Nolina (Bear Grass), Phormium (New Zealand Flax), Polianthes (Tuberose), Sansevieria (Mother-in-Law's Tongue), Yucca

Alismataceae - Water Plantain Family
Alisma (Water Plantain), Sagittaria (Swamp Potato)

Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis Family - Included within Liliaceae.
Agapanthus (Lily of the Nile), Amaryllis (Belladonna Lily), Clivia, Crinum, Eucharis (Amazon Lily), Galanthus (Snowdrop), Habranthus (Copper Rain Lily), Haemanthus (Blood Lily), Hippeastrum (Amaryllis), Hymenocallis (Tropical Spider Lily), Leucojum (Snowflake), Lycoris (Red Spider Lily), Narcissus (Daffodil), Nothoscordum (False Garlic), Sprekelia (Aztec Lily), Sternbergia (Lily of the Field), Tulbaghia (Society Garlic), Zephyranthes (Rain Lily)

Aponogetonaceae - Aponogeton Family
Aponogeton (Cape Pondweed)

Araceae - Arum Family
Acorus (Sweet Flag), Aglaonema (Chinese Evergreen), Alocasia (Elephant's Ear), Amorphophallus (Leopard Palm), Anthurium, Arisaema (Jack in the Pulpit), Arum (Solomon's Lily), Caladium, Calla, Colocasia (Taro), Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane), Epipremnum (Pothos), Monstera (Split-Leaf Philodendron), Nephthytis, Philodendron, Pistia (Water Lettuce), Pothos, Scindapsus, Spathiphyllum, Syngonium (Arrow Head Vine), Xanthosoma (Malanga, Yautia), Zamioculcas, Zantedeschia (Calla Lily)

Arecaceae (Palmae) - Palm Family
Acoelorrhaphe (Paurotis Palm), Brahea, Butia (Pindo Palm), Chamaedorea (Parlor Palm), Chamaerops (Mediterranean Fan Palm), Chrysalidocarpus (Areca Palm), Cocos (Coconut Palm), Guihaia (Karst Palm), Howea (Kentia Palm), Jubaea (Chilean Wine Palm), Livistona (Fan Palm), Nannorrhops (Afghan Palm), Neodypsis (Triangle Palm), Phoenix (Date Palm), Rhapidophyllum (Needle Palm), Rhapis (Lady Palm), Sabal (Palmetto), Serenoa (Saw Palmetto), Syagrus (Queen Palm), Trachycarpus (Windmill Palm), Washingtonia (Fan Palm)

Bromeliaceae - Bromeliad Family
Aechmea (Urn Plant), Ananas (Pineapple), Billbergia (Vase Plant), Bromelia (Heart of Flame), Cryptanthus (Earth Star), Dyckia, Guzmania, Hechtia, Neoregelia, Puya, Tillandsia (Ball Moss), Vriesia

Butomaceae - Flowering Rush Family
Butomus (Flowering Rush), Limnocharis

Cannaceae - Canna Family
Canna

Commelinaceae - Spiderwort Family
Commelina (Dayflower), Commelinantia, Dichorisandra (Blue Ginger), Rhoeo (Moses in a Boat), Setcreasea (Purple Wandering Jew), Tinantia (Spotted Wandering Jew), Tradescantia (Spiderwort), Zebrina (Wandering Jew)

Costaceae - Spiral Flag Family
Costus (Spiral Flag), Dimerocostus, Monocostus, Tapeinochilus (Torch Ginger)

Cyclanthaceae - Panama Hat Palm Family
Carludovica (Panama Hat Palm), Cyclanthus

Cyperaceae - Sedge Family
Cladium (Saw Grass), Carex (Sedge), Cyperus (Papyrus), Eleocharis (Chinese Water Chestnut), Scirpus (Bulrush)

Dioscoreaceae - Yam Family
Dioscorea (Yam)

Eriocaulaceae - Pipewort Family
Eriocaulon (Pipewort)

Haemodoraceae - Bloodwort Family
Anigozanthos (Kangaroo Paw)

Heliconiaceae - Heliconia Family
Heliconia

Hydrocharitaceae - Frog's-Bit Family
Elodea (Water Weed), Hydrilla, Hydrocharis (Frog's-Bit), Vallisneria (Eel Grass)

Hypoxidaceae - Star Grass Family
Curculigo (Palm Grass), Hypoxis (Star Grass), Rhodohypoxis

Iridaceae - Iris Family
Acidanthera (Peacock Orchid), Alophia, Babiana (Baboon Flower), Belamcanda (Leopard Flower), Crocosmia (Montebretia), Crocus, Dierama (Wandflower), Dietes (African Iris), Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Ixia (Corn Lily), Lapeirousia, Moraea (Butterfly Iris), Nemastylis (Celestial), Neomarica (Walking Iris), Sisyrinchium (Blue-Eyed Grass), Sparaxis (Wandflower), Tigridia (Tiger Flower), Tritonia, Watsonia

Juncaceae - Rush Family
Juncus (Rush), Luzula (Wood Rush)

Lemnaceae - Duckweed Family
Lemna (Duckweed)

Liliaceae (see also Amaryllidaceae) - Lily Family
Allium (Onion), Aloe, Anthericum (Spider Plant), Asparagus, Aspidistra (Cast Iron Plant), Bowiea (Climbing Onion), Bulbine, Camassia (Camas), Chionodoxa (Glory of the Snow), Chlorophytum (Spider Plant), Colchicum (Autumn Crocus), Convallaria (Lily of the Valley), Eremurus (Desert Candle), Erythronium (Dog Tooth Violet), Eucomis (Pineapple Lily), Fritillaria, Galtonia (Summer Hyacinth), Gloriosa, Hemerocallis (Daylily), Hosta, Hyacinthus (Hyacinth), Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker), Lachenalia (Cape Cowslip), Lapageria (Chilean Bellflower), Ledebouria, Lilium (Lily), Liriope, Muscari (Grape Hyacinth), Ophiopogon (Monkey Grass), Ornithogalum (Star of Bethlehem), Paris, Polygonatum (Solomon's Seal), Rohdea (Chinese Sacred Lily), Ruscus (Butcher's Broom), Scilla (Squill), Smilacina (Solomon's Seal), Tricyrtis (Toad Lily), Trillium, Tulipa (Tulip), Veltheimia, Veratrum (False Hellebore)

Limnocharitaceae - Limnocharis Family
Limnocharis

Lowiaceae - Orchidantha Family
Orchidantha

Marantaceae - Arrowroot Family
Calathea (Peacock Plant), Maranta (Prayer Plant), Thalia

Musaceae - Banana Family
Ensete (Abyssinian Banana), Musa (Banana), Musella (Golden Mountain Banana)

Najadaceae - Naiad Family
Najas (Water Nymph)

Orchidaceae - Orchid Family
Bletilla (Hardy Orchid), Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Phalaenopsis (Moth Orchid), Oncidium (Dancing Lady), Spiranthes (Ladies's Tresses), Vanda, Vanilla, etc.

Pandanaceae - Screw Pine Family
Freycinetia, Pandanus (Screw Pine)

Poaceae (Gramineae) - Grass Family
Andropogon (Bluestem), Arundinaria (Cane), Arundo (Giant Reed), Avena (Oats), Bambusa (Bamboo), Bouteloua (Grama Grass), Buchloe (Buffalo Grass), Chasmanthium (Inland Sea Oats), Chimonobambusa, Cortaderia (Pampas Grass), Cymbopogon (Lemon Grass), Cynodon (Bermuda Grass), Dendrocalamus, Elymus (Wild Rye), Hilaria, Hordeum (Barley), Miscanthus (Maiden Grass),
Muhlenbergia (Muhly Grass), Oryza (Rice), Otatea (Mexican Weeping Bamboo), Panicum (Switch Grass), Paspalum (Bahia Grass), Pennisetum (Fountain Grass), Phalaris (Canary Grass), Phragmites (Reed), Phyllostachys (Bamboo), Poa (Bluegrass), Pseudosasa (Arrow Bamboo), Saccharum (Sugar Cane), Sasa, Schizachyrium (Little Bluestem), Secale (Rye), Semiarundinaria, Setaria (Bristle Grass), Sorghastrum (Indian Grass), Sorghum, Spartina (Marsh Grass),Sporobolus (Dropseed), Stenotaphrum (St. Augustine Grass), Stipa (Feather Grass), Triticum (Wheat), Vetiveria (Vetiver), Zea (Corn), Zizania (Wild Rice), Zoysia

Pontederiaceae - Pickerel Weed Family
Eichhornia (Water Hyacinth), Pontederia (Pickerel Weed)

Potamogetonaceae - Pond Weed Family
Potamogeton (Pond Weed)

Restionaceae - Restio Family
Askidiosperma, Cannomois, Chondropetalum (Cape Thatching Reed), Elegia, Ischyrolepis, Restio (Cape Reed), Rhodocoma, Thamnochortus (Thatching Reed)

Smilacaceae - Greenbrier Family
Smilax (Greenbrier)

Sparganiaceae - Bur Reed Family
Sparganium (Bur Reed)

Strelitziaceae - Strelitzia Family
Phenakospermum, Ravenala (Traveller's Palm), Strelitzia (Bird-of-Paradise)

Taccaceae - Tacca Family
Tacca (Bat Plant)

Typhaceae - Cattail Family
Typha (Cattail)

Xanthorrhoeaceae - Grass Tree Family
Xanthorrhoea (Grass Tree)

Zingiberaceae - Ginger Family
Alpinia (Ginger Lily), Curcuma (Hidden Ginger), Globba, Hedychium (Butterfly Ginger), Kaempferia (Peacock Ginger), Zingiber (Ginger)




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